Current Project Newsletter 4

Wickizer/Weckesser DNA Project Newsletter #4

20 June 2010

Dear Folks,

We’re happy to announce several major discoveries in the Wickizer/Weckesser DNA Project, thanks to the assistance of several participants from the latter family.

We can now state that:

1) The two major early Weckesser families, located in Hessen and on the border of Baden and Württemberg, are NOT related to each other.

2) However, the Baden-Württemberg family is very likely the parent family of the Wickizer line, and is also related more distantly to an U(e)ffinger family from the same region, and to a Deffinbaugh line.

Mary Wickizer Burgess
Michael Burgess

The Wickizer Annals, Second Edition, by Mary Wickizer Burgess and Michael Burgess



A Genealogical History of the
 Descendants of Conrad Wickizer of 
Luzerne County, Pennsylvania 

And His Six Sons

Andrew Wickizer
John Wickizer
Conrad Wickiser Jr.
Abraham Wickiser
Isaac Wickizer
Jacob Wickizer

Second Edition,
Much Revised and Expanded 

by Mary Wickizer Burgess
with Michael Burgess

     Who were the Wickizers?  Whence did they spring?  What was their original name? 

     All of these questions have plagued researchers of this German-American family for over two centuries.  The first verifiable record of the Wickizer family dates from 1765, when Conrad Wickizer's daughter is christened in the Stone Arabia Church in Montgomery (then Tryon) County, New York, just north of the Mohawk River.  This region was settled in the early 1700s by German-speaking immigrants, mostly originating from the Palatine in western Germany. 

     The family's original surname may have been Weckesser, the closest German cognate to Wickizer, and indeed, several female Weckessers are mentioned in passing in the Mohawk Valley church registers from the 1750s and '60s.  The French and Indian Wars massacred many of the German settlers in the region, driving the survivors away to safer locales; and the Wickizers had settled eventually by 1790 in Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.  When and where they lived during the intervening years is unknown. 

     This genealogical history of the Wickizer family traces both male and female descendants of Conrad's six sons and two daughters, including the spelling variations Wickizer (the commonest version), Wickiser, Wickkizer, Wickkiser, and Wickheiser.  It completely replaces and updates the 1983 edition, adding an immense amount of new and newly-configured data. 

     Everyone connected to the Wickizer line will want a copy of this new book.  Illustrated with photos and genealogical charts, and completely indexed.




Project Members and DNA Test Results





A smaller but more frequently updated project website can be found at:



Including Families Named:

Deffinbaugh, Dieffenbach, Uffinger, Ueffinger, Uiffinger, Vickerson, Wacaser, Wacaster,
Waycaster, Weckesser, Wickheiser, Wickiser, Wickizer, Wickkiser, Wickkizer



Project Members & Y-DNA Numbers



Broken into six ranges of 12, 13, 12, 10, 13, and 7 numbers


Participant & Earliest Direct-Male Ancestor

(Thanks to the participants for the use of their data)


Burgess, M. A. Wickizer— Andrew Wickizer, Fairfield Co., OH

[Matrilineal DNA test only— see below]


Deffinbaugh, J. B.—Johann Conrad Dieffenbach, Berks Co., PA


[Results pending from 13-67 markers]

[Haplotype R1b1b2]


Uffinger, A. J.—Christian Uffinger, Hudson Co., NJ







[Haplotype R1b1b2]


Üffinger, G.—Bernhardt Üffinger. Baden, Germany







[Haplotype R1b1b2]


Vickerson, R. A.—Johannes Weckesser, Hessen-Kassel, Germany




[Haplotype I1—confirmed by test]


Wacaser, D.—George Wacaser, Murray Co., GA




[Haplotype R1b1b2—non-match with base]


Wacaser, R. M.—George Wacaser, Murray Co., GA


[Haplotype R1b1b2—non-match with base]


Weckesser, J. J.—George Weckesser, Hudson Co., NJ







[Haplotype R1b1b2—confirmed by test]


Weckesser, R. C.—George Weckesser, Philadelphia, PA




[Haplotype I1—confirmed by test]


Wickiser, R. W.—Conrad Wickiser Jr., Hancock Co., OH


[Results pending from 13-67 markers]

[Haplotype R1b1b2—confirmed by test]


Wickizer, B. R.—Andrew Wickizer, Fairfield Co., OH




[Haplotype R1b1b2—confirmed by test]


Wickizer, H. B.—Andrew Wickizer, Fairfield Co., OH







[Haplotype R1b1b2—confirmed by test]


Wickizer, P. D.—Isaac Wickizer Sr., Luzerne Co., PA




[Haplotype I1—non-match with base]


Wickkiser, E. M.—Isaac Wickizer Sr., Luzerne Co., PA



 [Haplotype R1b1b2—confirmed by test]



The Ancestral Families: Deffinbaugh/Dieffenbach

[Haplotype R1b1b2]


Johann Conrad Dieffenbach of Berks County, Pennsylvania 

(Johann) Conrad Dieffenbach Jr. was born about 1659 in Wiesloch, Baden, Germany, probably the son of Johann Conrad Dieffenbach and Anna Mather. He married firstly ___, by whom he had two children (including one son); and secondly Maria Barbara Christler on 25 December 1702 in Wiesloch, Baden. He immigrated with all of his family (including his mother, but lacking his first son) to the American colonies, arriving in New York City on the ship Fame on 14 June 1710. In 1712 they settled near Schoharie, New York, in the Mohawk River Valley west of Albany. In 1723 they relocated to Tulpehocken, Berks Co., Pennsylvania. Conrad Dieffenbach worked as a cooper and a farmer. He died at Tulpehocken in October 1738, having had three sons, one by his unknown first wife:

1. (Johann) Jacob Dieffenbach (1690- ), remained in Germany
2. (Johann) Ludwig Dieffenbach (1708- )
*3. (Johann) Adam Dieffenbach (1711-1777) of Berks Co., PA

Third son of Conrad

(Johann) Adam Dieffenbach was born about 1711 at Schoharie

The Ancestral Families: Üffinger

[Haplotype R1b1b2]


Bernhardt Üffinger of Baden, Germany


Bernhardt Üffinger was born about 1602 near Uiffingen, Baden, Germany. He married Ursula __ by 1653 (she was born about 1627, and died 25 June 1675). He died there about 1687, having had at least one son:


*1. Ulrich Üffinger (1654-1719) of Baden, Germany


First Known Son of Bernhardt

Ulrich Üffingerwas born on 3 January 1654 near Uiffingen, Baden, Germany. He married Maria Weber by 1683. He died there on 10 April 1719, having had at least one son:

*1. Wilhelm Johann Üffinger (1684-1754) of Schweigern, Baden, Germany


First Known Son of Ulrich

Wilhelm Johann Üffinger was born about 1684 in Schweigern, Baden, Germany. He married (Anna) Barbara Ziegler by 1714 (she was born on 17 September 1687, and died 15 October 1765). He was a church warden. He died there on 8 March 1754, having had at least one son:

*1. Johannes Valentin Üffinger (1715-1777) of Schweigern, Baden, Germany

First Known Son of Wilhelm Johann

Johannes Valentin Üffinger was born on 24 July 1715 in Schweigern, Baden, Germany. He married Ursula Götzinger by 1765 (she was born on 9 September 1724, and died 4 September 1803). He died there on 26 March 1777, having had at least one son:

*1. Johannes Uiffinger (1766-1844) of Schweigern, Baden, Germany

First Known Son of Johannes Valentin

Johannes Uiffinger was born on 4 January 1766 in Schweigern, Baden, Germany. He married Eva Susanne Rheinfurth by 1794 (she was born on 16 February 1769, and died 27 August 1848). He worked as a weaver. He died there on 7 January 1844, having had at least one son:

*1. Johann Georg Uiffinger (1795-1870) of Edelfingen, Baden, Germany

First Known Son of Johannes

Johann Georg Uiffingerwas born on 18 July 1795 in Schweigern, Baden, Germany. He married Maria Magdalena Hayn by 1825 (she was born on 13 August 1794, and died in 1864). He worked as a weaver. He died in Edelfingen, Baden on 16 February 1870, having had at least one son:

*1. Christian Üffinger (1826-1899) of Edelfingen, Baden, Germany

First Known Son of Johann Georg

Christian Üffinger was born on 25 December 1826 in Edelfingen, Baden, Germany. He married Maria Huth by 1870 (she was born on 16 November 1841, and died on 1 April 1904). He worked as a framer. He died in Edelfingen, Baden on 1 December 1899, having had at least one son:

*1. Heinrich Üffinger (1871-1944) of Edelfingen, Baden, Germany


Christian Uffinger of Hudson County, New Jersey

Christian Uffinger (or Ueffinger) was born on 10 July 1838 in Prussia, Germany; his parents are given as Christian Uffinger Sr. and Margaret __ on his death certificate. He married Elizabeth (variously Lisette, Lizetta, or Lizzette) Kümmel about 1866 in Germany; she was born on 8 November 1840 in Germany, the daughter of August and Elizabeth (Dietz) Kümmel, and died on 5 February 1913 in Jersey City, New Jersey. Christian and his wife came to the United States about 1869, and were naturalized as U.S. citizens on 22 April 1875 in New York, New York. He is listed twice in the 1870 census with the name “Effinger” in Ward 11, New York, New York, again in 1880 as “Effinger” in Manhattan, New York, and in the 1900-1910 censuses (in 1900 as “Huffinger” or “Ueffinger”) in Hudson Co., New Jersey, working consistently as a cigar packer. Listed with him in the two 1870 transcriptions is Helena Kümmel, the younger sister of Lisette, who is recorded as arriving in New York City from Bremen on 3 November 1867 on the ship Hermann. He is also listed in the 1890 New York City Directory and in the 1892 Jersey City, New Jersey Directory. He died at Jersey City, Hudson Co., New Jersey, on 29 January 1914, having had one surviving son:

*1. Justin Maximo Uffinger Sr. (1871-1948) of Summit Co., NJ

Only Son of Christian

Justin Maximo Uffinger Sr. was born on 7 May 1871 in New York, New York; he is also called Justus M. Uffinger. He married Marion I. Hoag on 2 March 1905 in New York, New York. He is listed in the 1880-1900 censuses with his father (with the given name Justus or Gustus), and from 1910-30 in Union Co., New Jersey (with the given name Justin). He attended City College of New York from 1885-86, and is listed in the 1892 City Directory for Jersey City, New Jersey. He was a well-known architect, owning the firm of Uffinger, Foster, & Bookwalter. He died on 24 November 1948 at Summit, Union Co., New Jersey, having had two sons:


1. Justin Maximo Uffinger Jr. (1906-1966) of Stokes Co., NC
2. Donald Hoag Uffinger (also called Donald Harry Uffinger) (1907-1977) of Oakland Co., MI

Heinrich Üffinger is the ancestor of G. Üffinger; Justin Maximo Uffinger Jr. is the ancestor of A. J. Uffinger.

The genealogy of the main Üffinger line has been abbreviated to reflect the direct-male descent only. The small village of Uiffingen, believed to be the origin of this family, is located in upper Baden not far from the village of Schwabhausen, Baden, where the southern Weckesser family is living in 1600. The family name appears variously in the records as Üffinger, Ueffinger, Uffinger, Uiffinger, Effinger, and Huffinger.


The Ancestral Families: Wacaser

[Haplotype R1b1]

 George Wacaser (or George Wacaster) was born 13 February 1770 in North Carolina or Pennsylvania, possibly the son of Jacob Wacaser (who was born before 1750, and died in 1815 in Rowan Co., North Carolina). He married firstly Sarah Willis about 1799, by whom he had two sons; secondly Margaret Reinhart about 1815, by whom he had one son; and thirdly Rebecca Rudisil on 6 February 1819, by whom he had seven sons. He died on 11 January 1846 in Murray Co., Georgia, having had ten sons:


1. Frank Wacaser (1800- )

2. George Washington Wacaser (1803-1866) of Catawba Co., NC

3. John Wacaser (1818-1895) of Newton Co., MO

4. Jacob Wacaser (1820-1821), died childless

5. William Franklin Wacaser (1824-1891) of Titus Co., TX

6. Robert Wacaser (1830-1911) of Titus Co., TX

7. Alexander Wacaser (1835-1919)

8. Anderson Wacaser (1836-1932) of Moultrie Co., IL

9. William Henry Wacaser (1839-1914) of Macon Co., IL

10. David Baxter Wacaser (1842-1922) of Pike Co., IL


John Wacaser is the ancestor of R. M. Wacaser; Anderson Wacaser is the ancestor of D. Wacaser.


This family's name is variously spelled Wacaser, Wacaster, and Waycaster. The original German surname may have been Weckesser, although no proof of this has yet been found, and the Y-chromosome DNA evidence has thus far been negative.


The Ancestral Families: Weckesser

[Haplotype I1—confirmed by test]


Johannes Weckesser of Hessen-Kassel, Germany


Johannes Weckesser was born about 1647 at Riebelsdorf, Hessen-Kassel, Germany. He had a younger brother, Nicolaus Weckesser I. He married Anna Knauff by 1672. He died on 6 March 1710/11 at Steina, Hessen-Kassel, having had at least two sons:


1. Claus Heinrich Weckesser (1673- )

*2. Nikolaus Weckesser II (1675-1729) of Merzhausen, Hessen-Kassel


Second Branch: Nikolaus Weckesser II


Nikolaus Weckesser II was born about 1675 at Steina, Hessen-Kassel, Germany. He married Anna Elisabeth Riem on 6 October 1701 at Gungelshausen, Hessen-Kassel.  He died on 2 March 1728/29 at Merzhausen, Hessen-Kassel, having had at least two sons:


*1. Johann Helwig Weckesser (1712- ) of Loshausen, Hessen-Kassel

2. Johannes Weckesser I (1727- )


First Son of Nikolaus II


Johann Helwig Weckesser was born about 1712 in Hessen-Kassel, Germany. He married Anna Margretha Dilfer on 25 November 1737, and by her had five sons; he also had a sixth son by another woman, Anna Catharina Schmid (who died unmarried in August 1781). He died on 4 September 1756 at Loshausen, Hessen-Kassel, having had six sons:


1. Johannes Weckesser II (1738- )

2. Johann Jacob Weckesser (1741- )

3. Johann Heinrich Weckesser (1744- )

4. Nikolaus Weckesser III (1753- ), died young

5. Nikolaus Heinrich Weckesser (1755- )

*6. Johann Georg Weckesser (1756-1805) of Marshfield, Prince Edward Island, Canada


Sixth Son of Johann Helwig


Johann George Weckesser, later George Vickerson, was born on 2 January 1756 at Willingshausen, Hessen-Kassel, Germany, being noted in the birth records as the natural son of his parents. He enlisted in the Hessen-Kassel Army in 1773, and was posted in 1776 to New York as one of the mercenary units fighting on the British side in the American Revolution, and served there until 1783. After returning to Hessen-Kassel, he deserted in March of 1787 (Hessen-Kassel law prevented him from legally emigrating), and by November of that year was living in Prince Edward Island, Canada, using the name George Vickerson (variously Vicasser and Vickessers). He married Barbara Juncker about 1783 in New York. He died on 25 August 1805 at Marshfield, Prince Edward Island, Canada, having had four sons:


1. William Vickerson (1784- ) of PEI, Canada

2. Conrad Vickerson (1791-1871) of Vernon River, PEI, Canada

3. George Vickerson (1798-1889) of Marshfield, PEI, Canada

4. Henry Vickerson (1806-1855+) of Charlottetown, PEI, Canada


Conrad Vickerson is the ancestor of R. A. Vickerson.


George Weckesser of Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania


George Weckesser was born February 1841 in Hessen-Kassel, Germany (according to the 1870 census), and immigrated to Pennsylvania by 1860, when he appears in the census for Bucks Co. living with Philip Betz. He may have served in the Civil War, and he became a U.S. citizen in 1865. He married Louisa Haap about 1866 (she died on 9 February 1905). He is listed in the 1870-1900 censuses for Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania. He died there after 1900, having had six sons:


1. Harry Weckesser (1867- )

2. Charles Weckesser (1869- )

3. George Weckesser Jr. (1876- ), died young?

4. Frank Weckesser (1880- )

5. John Weckesser (1882- )

6. George Washington Weckesser (1885- )

George Weckesser is the ancestor of R. C. Weckesser.


George Weckesser of Hudson County, New Jersey 


George Weckesser was born May 1851 in Bavaria (according to the 1880 census), and immigrated to the United States circa 1872, becoming a citizen in 1879. He married Catherine Helmstetter (?) about 1874. He is listed in the 1880 census for Brooklyn, Kings Co., New York, and from 1895 (state census)-1920 in the censuses of Bayonne, Hudson Co., New Jersey. He worked as a saloon owner in Jersey City, New Jersey. He died at Bayonne on 28 May 1920, having had at least four sons:

1. William Weckesser (1875-1880+), died young

2. Joseph Weckesser (1879-1942+) of Hudson Co., NJ

3. Otto Weckesser (1889-1979) of Hudson Co., NJ

4. August Weckesser (1891-1970) of Hudson Co., NJ

August Weckesser is the ancestor of J. J. Weckesser.


The Ancestral Families: Wickizer

[Haplotype R1b1b2—confirmed by test]

Conrad Wickizer Sr. was born about 1740, possibly in Germany, and settled in the Mohawk Valley west of Albany, New York; his original German name may have been (Johann) Conrad Weckesser. The evidence suggests that this family originated on the border between Baden and Württemberg, and that the original family name was Weckesser; there was an early Weckesser family centered there near the small town of Möckmühl. Conrad may be related to Margaretha Weckesser and Barbara Weckesser, who are mentioned in the church records in Tryon Co., New York in the 1750s and ’60s. He is first recorded as “Conrad Wickeeser” on July 21, 1765 in Tryon (later Montgomery) Co., New York, with the christening record of his oldest daughter, Anna Margaretha. He married Rosina ___ about 1764 in Tryon Co. He served in the Continental Army in 1784 during the Revolutionary War from Northampton Co, Pennsylvania (as “Conrad Wikeser”). Between 1784-90 he relocated his family to Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania, and is listed there in the 1790-1800 censuses (in 1800 as Workizer). He died there on 24 June 1802, having had six sons:


1. *Andrew Wickizer (1769-1844) of Fairfield Co., OH

2. John Wickizer I (1773?-1850) of Wyoming Co., PA; his original German given name may have been Johannes; died childless

3. *Conrad Wickiser Jr. (1775?-1842) of Hancock Co., OH

4. *Abraham Wickiser (1779?-1859?) of Delaware Co., OH

5. *Isaac Wickizer Sr. (1782?-1823) of Luzerne Co., PA

6. *Jacob Wickizer Sr. (1784-1868) of Bradford Co., PA


This family's name is spelled Wickizer, Wickiser, Wickkiser, Wickkizer, and Wickheiser. The original German surname was likely Weckesser, and this family is very probably descended from the Baden-Württemberg Weckesser line (see below).


First Branch: Andrew Wickizer

Andrew Wickizer was born on 10 September 1769 in Tryon (later Montgomery) Co., New York (according to his tombstone); his original German given names may have been (Johann) Andreas. Andrew and his descendants consistently use the spelling “Wickizer.” The family settled in Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania by 1790. Andrew married Mary Bennett about 1791 in Luzerne Co. He is listed in the 1790-1800 censuses for Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania (in 1800 as Workizer). He resettled his family in Fairfield Co., Ohio, in 1810, where he is listed in the 1820-40 censuses (the 1810 census is missing). He died there on 21 February 1844, having had five sons:


1. Asa Wickizer (1792-1813), died childless

2. Conrad "Oliver" Wickizer III (1794?-1865?) of Marion Co., OH

3. John B(ennett?) Wickizer (1799-1842) of Fairfield Co., OH

4. William B(ennett?) Wickizer (1801-1878) of Livingston Co., IL

5. Asa Bennett Wickizer (1813-1883) of Marshall Co., IN


Conrad "Oliver" Wickizer is the ancestor of J. E. Wickizer; John B. Wickizer is the ancestor of B. R. Wickizer and H. B. Wickizer.


Third Branch: Conrad Wickiser Jr.

Conrad Wickiser Jr. was born about 1775 in Berks Co., Pennsylvania; his original German given names may have been (Johann) Conrad. He married Lydia Weeks about 1798 in Luzerne Co., PA. Conrad Jr. and his descendants consistently use the spelling “Wickiser.” He is listed in the 1800 census for Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania. He resettled with his family in Ohio in 1810, and is listed in the 1820-30 censuses for Delaware Co., Ohio, and in 1840 in Hancock (later Wyandot) Co., Ohio (the 1810 census is missing). He died in August 1842 in Hancock Co., Ohio, having had six sons:


1. Isaac Wickiser II (1799?-1838?) of Delaware Co., OH

2. Matthias Wickiser (1805-1875) of Mercer Co., IL

3. Philip Wickiser (1806-1862) of Delaware Co., OH

4. Albert Wickiser (1808-1890) of Wyandot Co., OH

5. John Wickiser II (1810-1885) of Cumberland Co., IL

6. Jacob Worthing Wickiser (1817?-1852) of Wyandot Co., OH


Albert Wickiser is the ancestor of R. W. Wickiser.


Fourth Branch: Abraham Wickiser

Abraham Wickiser I was born about 1779 in Pennsylvania; his original German given names may have been (Johann) Abraham. He married Catherine Blain on 7 November 1802 in Luzerne Co., PA. Abraham and his descendants consistently use the spelling “Wickiser.” He resettled his family in Ohio in 1810, and is listed in the 1830 and 1850 censuses for Delaware Co., Ohio (the 1810 census is missing). He died between 23 September 1858 and 11 May 1859 in Delaware Co., Ohio, having had two sons:


1. George Wickiser I (1803?-1850) of Delaware Co., OH

2. William Wickiser I (1819-1902) of Licking Co., OH


Fifth Branch: Isaac Wickizer Sr.

Isaac Wickizer Sr. was born about 1782 in Pennsylvania; his original German given names may have been (Johann) Isaac. Isaac and three of his sons consistently use the spelling “Wickizer,” but the descendants of his third son, Daniel, use a variety of spellings, including Wickizer, Wickiser, Wickkiser, Wickkizer, and Wickheiser. He married Margaret __ by 1808. He is listed in the 1810-20 censuses for Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania. Isaac Wickizer died on 1 January 1823 near Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania, having had four sons:


1. John B. Wickizer (1812-1899) of Lackawanna Co., PA

2. Philip Wickizer II (1815-1893) of Lackawanna Co., PA

3. Daniel Wickkiser (1821?-1896) of York Co., NE; his descendants use the names Wickizer, Wickiser, Wickkiser, Wickkizer, and Wickheiser

4. Isaac Wickizer Jr. (III) (1823?-1893) of Jackson Co., MO, extinct in the male line


John B. Wickizer is the ancestor of Peter D. Wickizer; Daniel Wickkiser is the ancestor of Eugene M. Wickkizer and Timothy W. Wickheiser.


Sixth Branch: Jacob Wickizer Sr.

Jacob Wickizer Sr. was born on 18 October 1784 in Pennsylvania (according to the 1860 census), or in New Jersey (according to the 1850 census); his original German given names may have been (Johann) Jacob. Jacob and his descendants consistently use the spelling “Wickizer.” He married Thankful Green on 15 October 1806 in Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania, and resettled his family in the area that later became Bradford Co., Pennsylvania, by 1810. He is listed in the 1810 census for Luzerne (later Bradford) Co., Pennsylvania, and from 1820-60 in Bradford Co., Pennsylvania. He died there on 5 March 1868, having had seven sons:


1. Andrew Wickizer IV (1813- ), died young

2. Rev. Jacob Wickizer Jr. (1814-1887) of Kane Co., IL

3. Col. John H(orton?) Wickizer (1818-1889) of Fulton Co., OH, extinct in the male line

4. Alexander Wickizer (1821-1893) of Bradford Co., PA

5. (Theodore) Willard Wickizer (1823-1903) of Bradford Co., PA

6. George W. Wickizer (1827-1903) of Bradford Co., PA

7. Andrew W. Wickizer (1831-1908) of Bradford Co., PA






Burgess, Mary A. Wickizer—Conrad Wickizer Sr., Luzerne Co., PA

mtDNA Haplogroup K


HVR1 differences—16224C, 16311C, 16319A,


HVR2 differences—73G, 152C, 199C, 263G,

            309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1C, 524.2A





The Deffinbaugh/Dieffenbach Family

Results received from one representative in this family match the Y-chromosome numbers of representatives of the Üffinger/Ueffinger family, the southern Weckesser family, and the Wickizer family. They likely have a common ancestor in the direct male line, name unknown.


The Üffinger/Uffinger Family

Results received from two representatives in this line match each other; they have a common Üffinger ancestor, name unknown. They also match the numbers of four descendants of the Bavarian Weckesser family and the Wickizer family, but more distantly; these families have a common male ancestor, name unknown.


The Wacaser/Wacaster Family

Test results received from two representatives in this line do not currently match the numbers of any other project family, nor do they match each other, indicating a break in the chain of descent in one of these lines. The true genome of this family remains unknown. No genetic evidence has been found thus far to link these lines to either of the two major Weckesser families (Hessen-Kassel and Baden-Württemberg).


The Northern (Hesse-Kassel) Weckesser/Vickerson Family

Test results received from two representatives of this line match each other; they have a common Weckesser ancestor, name unknown; the results also confirm that the Canadian Vickerson family is a branch of the Hessian Weckesser family, as had long been speculated. It also confirms that the two major Weckesser families of early Germany are unrelated to each other.


The Southern (Baden/Württemberg/Bavaria) Weckesser Family

This family probably descends from the Baden-Württemberg Weckesser line. Test results received from one representative in this line match the numbers of the Wickizer family, the Uffinger family, and one Deffinbaugh line. The Baden-Württemberg Weckesser line is very likely the parent line of the Wickizer family and the Bavarian Weckesser family; its relationship to the Uffingers and Deffinbaughs is unknown, but they likely have a common male ancestor.


The Wickizer/Wickiser Family

Test results received from four representatives of this line match each other; they have a common male ancestor, Conrad Wickizer Sr. One test result, however, does not match the others, indicating a break in the chain of descent. The numbers for this family also match those of two descendants of the Uffinger family, but more distantly; these families have a common male ancestor, name unknown. They further match the numbers of a descendant of the Bavarian Weckesser line (less distantly than with the Uffinger family), which is probably descended from the Baden-Württemberg Weckesser line, and is likely the parent line of the Wickizers and their related families. In addition, the numbers match those of a Deffinbaugh family, whose place of origin is unknown.




The following individuals have contributed either their time or money or expertise to the Wickizer Surname DNA Project, far above and beyond their original participation. We owe our thanks to all of these folks:

The late Betty Wickizer Carlson; J. Klee; M. L. Reynnells; B. R. Wickizer; C. Wickizer; the late Hugh B. Wickizer.


The following individuals contributed their DNA to the Project, but have since passed. We thank them for their willingness to share, and honor their memories:

Hugh Boggs Wickizer (1926-2009)

Robert Wilbur Wickiser (1930-2009)

Archived Project Newsletters

Wickizer/Wickiser DNA Project--Report #2

Dear Wickizer/Wickiser Cousins,

We now have four participants in the Wickizer/Wickiser DNA Project, and three results actually in hand. I'm happy to tell you that the numbers from all three individuals exactly match each other, 12 for 12, a 100% certain match when the surnames are the same, as they are in this case.

This is a great result! It means, among other things, that the descendants of the two major branches of the family, Andrew Wickizer and Conrad Wickiser Jr., are genetically the same. In addition, we now have confirmation that two sub-branches of the Andrew family are also related.

Even though our genealogical research had suggested these outcomes, the confirmation is still very gratifying. We now have a result that we can say with certainty represents (or ought to represent) all of the main-line, direct-male offshoots of Conrad Wickizer Sr., who died in 1802 in Luzerne Co., Penn.--and can in turn be used to compare with number values from other, possibly related families (such as the Weckessers).

I want to thank specifically the four gentleman who have stepped forward to be part of this project. Their willingness to be tested made it possible.

I'll be updating our website information shortly (, under the "Wickizer Genealogy" link). I also continue to work on the Second Edition of The Wickizer Annals.

All best:
Mary Wickizer Burgess
Prof. Michael Burgess


Wickizer/Wickiser Surname DNA Project Report #1


Dear Wickizer/Wickiser Cousins,

We've received the results of our first Y chromosome DNA test for the Wickizer and Wickiser family.  The numbers are posted on our personal website,, under the "Wickizer Genealogy" link.  In isolation, the numbers don't mean much yet, although they do show that the family originated in western Europe (the R1b haplotype associated with the family indicates the underlying Celtic populations of Britain, France, Spain, and parts of Germany).

This first test derives from the Andrew Wickizer line, by far the largest of the five surviving Wickizer family branches.  A second test from a fourth cousin in this family is currently in the works; it should validate the results of the first.

Our aim thereafter is to secure a sample test from a direct-line male descendant in each of the remaining four branches of the family (the descendants of Conrad Wickiser Jr., Abraham Wickiser, Isaac Wickizer, and Jacob Wickizer), thereby validating the genealogical research on those lines; and also to get representative samples from several possibly related families in Germany, including the Weckessers and the Werkheisers.

The most likely origin of the family name is from Weckesser ("bread eater"), a scarce surname that derived from two separate regions in medieval Germany:  Hesse(n) and Württemberg.  It's possible, of course, that these two lines are also related to each other.

The other possibly related family group, the Werkheisers, were located in the Easton, Pennsylvania area as early as the mid- to late 1700s.  They left numerous descendants of various spellings, including at least one nineteenth-century family that changed its name to Wickizer (but is now extinct in the male line, and thus cannot be tested).

All of these questions should be easily answered with just a handful of tests.  We're working with a professional genealogist in Germany to locate possible participants from the Weckesser family.

In the meantime, please watch our website for further developments.
All good wishes:
Mary Wickizer Burgess
Prof. Michael Burgess

Project Participants’ Page and FAQ




A smaller but more frequently updated project website can be found at:

Including Families Named:

Kaiser, Kayser, Kiser, Uffinger, Ueffinger, Uiffinger, Vickerson, Wacaser, Wacaster, Waycaster, Weckesser, Wickheiser, Wickiser, Wickizer, Wickkiser, Wickkizer

Project Participants’ Page


This page provides a basic guide for participants in the Wickizer-Weckesser Surname DNA Project, including information on how to order tests, what the tests provide, and the other services and options available to group members.


We use Family Tree DNA, located at 1445 N. Loop West, Suite 820, Houston, TX 77008 (713-868-1438), or through their website,, as our provider. They were among the first companies to offer DNA testing for genealogical purposes, beginning in May 2000. There are other companies that offer Y-chromosome DNA testing, but we chose this firm because we were comfortable with their professionalism, knowledge, experience, responsiveness, and commitment to expand their services on a continual basis.


The Wickizer-Weckesser Surname DNA Project attempts to trace the paternal ancestry and descent of every major and minor Wickizer/Weckesser families in the world, as well as those of related names, thereby making connections between these lines that cannot be made currently through conventional genealogical research. This is possible because repetitions of “junk DNA” segments on the Y chromosome are inherited through the direct male line, and the inheritance is remarkably stable over long periods of time. Thus, males of the same surname with identical sets of markers have a common male ancestor. Conversely, if the numbers don’t match, the individuals are not related in the male line.


We’re primarily interested in Y-chromosome DNA tests. Family Tree DNA currently provides four levels of testing: 12 markers, 25 markers, 37 markers, and 67 markers. These numbers record repetitions of DNA segments at specific sites on the Y chromosome. By testing more sites, we can significantly reduce the period that has elapsed since the time when the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) of the two individuals actually lived, assuming, of course, that they both match. A 37-marker match may cut the elapsed time down to as little as 125-150 years, and 67 markers to 75-100 years.

We strongly recommend that participants order at least a 37-marker test initially, and expand that to 67 markers if necessary. The surname group prices for the Y-chromosome tests are:


12-marker test—$99 + $4 shipping
25-marker test—$124 + $4 shipping
37-marker test—$149 + $4 shipping
67-marker test—$248 + $4 shipping


A 12-marker test can be enhanced to 25 markers for $49, to 37 markers for $99, and to 67 markers for $189. A 25-marker test can be upgraded to 37 markers for $49, and to 67 markers for $148. A 37-marker test can be upgraded to 67 markers for $99. No shipping is charged for the enhancements.

Family Tree DNA also offers several levels of mitochondrial (mtDNA) testing for both men and women. These examine direct maternal ancestry back tens of thousands of years, and while the numbers are interesting in and of themselves, they provide relatively little information that can be used by genealogists. They tell you nothing about the inheritance of surnames.


The easiest way to order a test is to log on to the Family Tree DNA website (, type the word “Wickizer” in the surname search box in the right-hand side of the main page, and then click on the link to the Wickizer-Weckesser group on page two. You’ll be asked whether you want to join the Wickizer-Weckesser Surname DNA Project. If you click “yes,” then you’ll be taken to an order page, and you’ll qualify automatically for the best discount that FT DNA currently offers.

On the order page, you need to type your name, address, phone number, and e-mail address. Family Tree DNA has to have a physical address in order to mail you the DNA testing kit. You can pay for the kit on-line through a secure credit card link, or you can ask FT DNA to invoice you, or you can phone FT DNA with your credit card number (713-868-1438). Also, we’re willing to act on your behalf if you’d rather not deal directly with an organization. We have no business connection whatever with Family Tree DNA, and We earn no income from them. Our role as project coordinators is wholly done on a pro bono basis.

If you already belong to the Project and want to enhance an existing test, please go to your own page on Family Tree DNA (to do this you need to log in with your kit number and password), and click the “Order Tests” icon in the top right-hand portion of the page. You’ll be taken to an order page. If you don’t remember your kit number and password, just contact us, and we’ll get them for you.

We have also made a commitment to fund those tests or enhancements which we believe will advance the goals of the Wickizer-Weckesser Project. If an individual who wishes to participate is unable to do so due to financial constraints, just contact us privately through the e-mail below, and let us have your basic ancestral information.

In addition, many other genealogists have contributed funds to support the Project. If want to make a contribution to support the Wickizer-Weckesser Surname DNA Project, please log on to the contributors’ page at Family Tree DNA (, and indicate that you wish to donate funds to the Wickizer-Weckesser Project. You can also reach us directly through the e-mail link at the bottom of this page. Every dollar contributed to the Project will be used to support Y-chromosome DNA tests or test enhancements.


Once you’ve placed your order, Family Tree DNA will mail you a kit. The package includes several small brushes to rub on the inside of your cheek, and several plastic vials in which to return the broken-off tips of the brushes. No blood is involved. Your cheek is used because the cells on the inside of the human mouth are quite large, and therefore relatively easy to break down for DNA analysis. Once you mail the completed kit back to FT DNA, it takes about six weeks for you to receive a report via e-mail, a copy of which is also sent to us as Wickizer-Weckesser Project Coordinators.

The report provides a list of numbers, either 12 or 25 or 37 or 67, depending on what you ordered. These numbers may be reported separately by sections on different dates; occasionally the test (or parts thereof) will initially fail, and the numbers will have to be rechecked. These numbers are meaningless except in the context of a surname DNA project. There’s absolutely no medical analysis performed on your DNA, and the material can’t be used for any other purpose.

If you’re enhancing an existing test, you don’t need to order another kit; FT DNA will use the sample that you previously submitted once you’ve paid for the upgrade. However, the amount of time it takes to report the test results back to you will be about the same. If by chance your stored DNA has deteriorated, FT DNA will send you a new kit for free.


By themselves, the numbers have no meaning. In the context of a DNA surname project, however, they can show a common relationship between individuals of the same last name. Occasionally, they can even demonstrate a relationship between two males of different surnames, although this is a rare event indeed, and often has to be bolstered with conventional genealogical research.

If your numbers don’t currently match those of anyone else in the Wickizer-Weckesser Surname DNA Project, it may mean that your family is rather small in size, or that your line originally derives from another surname that was changed at some point to Wickizer-Weckesser, or that a related Wickizer-Weckesser family has yet to provide a participant to the Project. Any and all of these options are possible. We’ve had a number of exact matches that have randomly occurred many years after the first sample was submitted, so we always try to take a long-term view. Sooner or later a match will occur. However, it’s important that you keep your personal data up-to-date on your page at FT DNA, so that you or a relative can be notified when a match actually happens; and should also keep your contracts current with us, the Project coordinators.


At the time your kit is returned, Family Tree DNA activates a personal page for you on the FT DNA website. To access this page, you need to know your kit number (which consists of a set of numbers, or the letter “N” followed by a number for individuals who’ve joined through the Genographic Project), and your password (which consists of a letter followed by a set of four numbers). This takes you to a page that includes the following linked icons:


Set-Up Preferences. Here you can choose your display preferences for matching purposes. Do you want your results displayed only to the surname group, or to the entire Family Tree DNA database? We strongly recommend choosing and checking the latter option, which you must do in order to get the maximum number of matches—unless you have a very common number set. What levels do you want your test to be matched against? We recommend that you check the boxes for all of the levels up the level that you ordered. Matching your information against the entire FT DNA database, and doing so at an appropriate testing level (12, 25, 37, or 67 markers), will result in many more random matches. Some of these may be Wickizer-Weckesser relations, while others may derive from seemingly unrelated surname projects. Still, most folks usually want to see the largest number of connections possible for all of us.


Gedcom. FT DNA here gives you the option of uploading a gedcom of the ancestral data for your line to your own page, to be made accessible to those who have Y-chromosome numbers that are very similar to your own. If you don’t know how to do this, please contact us, and we’ll you in touch with someone at FT DNA who will help you, even if all you have is raw data.


The Genographic Project.The Genographic Project is a joint venture of National Geographic Magazine and Family Tree DNA. This is a multi-year effort to track the broad overland migrations of early man by crunching large samples of Y-chromosome DNA data. Individuals who initially sign up for this project do a 12-marker Y-chromosome test. In return they get a very general description of where their haplogroup originated, and where their ancestors moved as they migrated across the prehistoric world. This is certainly interesting, but reveals very little about the underlying genealogy of your family.


Members of the Genographic Project are given the option of migrating their 12-marker data to the Family Tree DNA database, and of joining a surname project, if one exists for their name; and we’ve received a few new participants through the back door in this way. If GP members do not transfer their data to FT DNA or join a surname project, their specific numbers remain permanently inaccessible to the rest of us, protected by privacy laws.

Someone who has already done a Y-chromosome test through Family Tree DNA can also choose to uplink his data to the Genographic Project for an additional $15. Only the first 12 markers of the test are transferred. The data upload will not, however, give you any additional information about your specific genealogy or family connections.


Y-DNA Matches. This page displays the other individuals in the Family Tree DNA database whose numbers either match your own exactly, or come very close. Only those persons who’ve signed release forms are reflected in these matches (note to everyone: please remember to sign your release forms when returning DNA kits). If no matches whatever are listed, then no one who has signed a release form comes close to matching your markers. Many individuals in the FT DNA database have not signed these releases. Other reasons why you might not have very many matches generally is that your number set could be scarce. If you have questions about your numbers, please don’t hesitate to write us.


If you haven’t uploaded your data to the free on-line database, YSearch (another service sponsored by FT DNA), a link is provided here to allow you to do so. YSearch ( exists solely to provide a publicly accessible index of Y-chromosome number markers, including those whose tests have been conducted by providers other than Family Tree DNA. The records can be searched either by number or by surname. We strongly recommend that all members of the Wickizer-Weckesser Surname DNA Project upload their number markers into YSearch. We want to get as many matches as possible. There’s absolutely no charge for this service, and we’re always happy to do this on your behalf if you don’t know how. Your e-mail address will NOT be publicly displayed here; a link is provided to allow individuals to forward e-mail to you if they think their Y-chromosome DNA numbers match yours. You can respond or not, as you choose.


Recent Ethnic Origins. This is a broader version of the Y-DNA Matches page. It matches your numbers with all of the test results in the Family Tree DNA database, but without displaying any names, numbers, or e-mail addresses. The only information shown here is the country of origin that every individual tested by FT DNA has claimed for his ancestor (these may or may not be correct). Since there’s no way to validate any of the information, this section has very limited utility.


Haplogroup. Geneticists have organized Y-chromosome DNA numbers into a cladistic chart demonstrating general descendency from the primary male ancestor of all humans, the proverbial “Adam.” Each time a major mutation in the genome structure has occurred, a genetic break has been recorded, resulting in the creation of a new “haplogroup.” The haplogroups are numbered sequentially from “A” through “T,” “A” being the oldest group (dating back many hundreds of thousands of years to Africa) and “R-T” the newest. Each of these groups can then be broken down into further subdivisions.


The most recently developed haplogroup, “R,” emerged in Eastern Europe many tens of thousands years ago, and its primary subsection, haplogroup R1b1, dominates the present-day population of northern Spain, France, and the British Isles. It’s no surprise, therefore, that most of the members of the Project (over 80%) belong to group R1b1, and thus share very similar numbers to each other.

A computer program at Family Tree DNA predicts the Haplogroup into which your numbers fall. These projections are almost always correct, and so a confirmation is needed only when you belong to a group that’s relatively scarce in the Western World. If no haplogroup is projected on this page, as sometimes happens, then a link appears here to order a haplogroup confirmation test, which costs $65.

Family Tree DNA also offers the ability to test your haplogroup for further subdivisions (a Deep Clade Test) at a cost of $79 (not all groups are currently available for such analysis). The idea behind this is simple: if you can subdivide your group sufficiently, in theory you can then determine the specific geographical area where that subgroup originally derived. However, the analysis has not reached that level yet.

Only one Deep Clade Test is needed to determine the sub-clades of each Wickizer-Weckesser family group. We think this is worth doing for the larger families.


Y-DNA DYS Values. This is a fancy name for a page that lists your own number markers and their locations (or loci) on the Y chromosome. It’s updated whenever you order an enhanced test with more markers. “DYS” is an acronym for “DNA Y-Chromosome Segment.”


Order Tests. This linked icon is located in the top right-hand field of your main page. Clicking on it will take you to a page where you can order additional tests or services from Family Tree DNA.


Update Contact Information. This icon is located to the right of the icon for ordering tests, in the top right-hand portion of your main page at FT DNA. Clicking it will take you to the page that lists all your basic information: address, phone number, etc. You can use this icon to update your data, including any changes to your e-mail address. In addition, your name and kit number are displayed in the upper lefthand corner of your page.


Other icons (non-linked) that sometimes appear at the top middle of your page at FT DNA include a yellow “Y Search” box to show that you’ve uploaded your data into YSearch, a green “MitoSearch” box if you’ve ordered a mitochondrial (maternal) DNA test and have joined the mitochondrial equivalent of YSearch, and a blue “Join” box to allow you to join some other surname project—if there’s another one at FT DNA that has some direct connection to your own. There are also numerous Haplogroup and Geographic projects. You may belong to as many groups (including your surname project) as you want.

Linked icons for “MTDNA Matches,” MTDNA Searches,” and “MTDNA Results” are added to the bottom of the pages of those members who’ve ordered a mitochondrial (female descent) DNA test. In addition, an icon for “Pending Lab Results” is added above the “Y-DNA Matches” icon whenever you have DNA tests in process; this provides you with projected delivery dates or the status for those tests. It disappears after the results are actually received.

Other icons that may appear at the top of your personal page include “WAMH match,” which means that your numbers match the Western Atlantic Modal Haplogroup, one of the commonest of the R1b1 number sets. Similar matches are noted if you match the DNA base for the sixth-century Irish chieftain, Niall of the Nine Hostages, whose profile is also very common.

If at any point you want us to upload your data into YSearch or to change the defaults on your personal page at FT DNA, we’d be happy to do so on your behalf. If you have any other questions about how to access your information, or you wish to make changes on your own page at FT DNA, or you want to order tests, please send us a note. If we don’t know the answer, we’ll find someone at FT DNA who does.


Mary Wickizer Burgess
Prof. Emeritus Michael Burgess
Wickizer-Weckesser Surname DNA Project

Additional information